Proper wheel alignment helps keep your vehicle moving in the direction you steer it in, it keeps your tires and suspension from unnecessary wear and tear, and it allows your tires to more firmly grip the road. There are many parts that keep your wheels in alignment, and there are three measurements mechanics check to ensure your wheels aren’t tilting. Those components are the caster, camber and toe. The caster and camber are only checked on vehicles older than the 1960s, but here’s a quick rundown anyway.
This measurement tells you whether your tires are angled in one direction or another. If your tires are leaning toward each other, this is called negative camber, and when the tops of your wheels are tilted away from each other, this is called positive camber. Too much of either will cause wear on the edges of your tires, as well as the suspension parts that hold your tires to your vehicle.
This measurement can be seen when you stand on the side of your car, truck, SUV or van. If your wheels are not aligned, it is because the steering axis is tilted. The steering axis is connected to the wheel and is responsible for the ability to turn left or right. This part should be centered, but positive caster is when the steering axis is tilted toward back of the vehicle, and negative caster is when the axis is tilted toward the front of your car.
If you are above your vehicle and you look down, the toe measurement can be seen in your tires facing toward each other or away from each other. When properly aligned, they face straight ahead. From a birds-eye view, the toe-in alignment is when the tires face each other and the toe-out alignment describes tires that face away from each other. Neither is good for your vehicle.
If your tires are visually misaligned, there are already several components that are likely affected. Call our Sioux Falls, SD auto repair shop so one of our car mechanics can inspect your wheels or adjust your wheel alignment. We’ll make the appropriate adjustments to maintain proper angle alignments and keep the right parts parallel to each other. We’ll use industry-leading equipment to ensure proper alignment and stability.